American Chemical Society
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Synthesis and Highly Selective Bromination of Azacalix[4]pyrimidine Macrocycles

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posted on 2010-02-05, 00:00 authored by Li-Xia Wang, De-Xian Wang, Zhi-Tang Huang, Mei-Xiang Wang
A number of N-substituted azacalix[4]pyrimidines were synthesized by two methods. While straightforward condensation reaction between 4,6-dichloropyrimidine and 4,6-bis(alkylamino)pyrimidines gave identically N-substituted azacalix[4]pyrimidines in low yields, a general and moderate-to-high yielding 1 + 3 macrocyclic fragment coupling reaction afforded azacalix[4]pyrimidines that contained either the same or different N-substituents. Upon treatment with N-bromosuccinimide (NBS) under controlled conditions, methylazacalix[4]pyrimidine was selectively brominated at lower rim to produce mono-, di-, and tribrominated azacalix[4]pyrimidines in good yields. While azacalix[4]pyrimidine derivatives adopted 1,3-alternate conformation in the solid state, the synthesized macrocycles were fluxional in solution, and the interconversion of various conformational structures was rapid relative to the NMR time scale.