American Chemical Society
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Synthesis and Coordination Chemistry of a Tridentate o-Phenylene-Bridged Diphosphine−NHC System

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posted on 2009-05-11, 00:00 authored by Tobias Steinke, Bryan K. Shaw, Howard Jong, Brian O. Patrick, Michael D. Fryzuk
The preparation of a di-o-phenylene-bridged tridentate PCP donor set is described starting with t-BOC-aniline followed by a series of steps that include lithiation, quenching with Pri2PCl, conversion to the phosphine sulfide, and assembling the unsaturated N-heterocyclic carbene unit. After desulfurization, the imidazolinium unit flanked by two phosphine units, represented as [(PCP)H]PF6 is obtained. Subsequent reaction with group 10 M(0) reagents (Ni(COD)2, Pd(PPh3)4, and Pt(PPh3)4) generates good yields of the corresponding metal hydride complexes, [(PCP)MH]PF6 salts (where M = Ni(II), Pd(II), and Pt(II)). Each of these species has been characterized by elemental analyses, NMR spectroscopy, and X-ray crystallography. All of the structures show that the PCP unit is twisted with respect to the square plane of the d8 metal complex.