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Synthesis and Characterization of Oxygen-Embedded Quinoidal Pentacene and Nonacene

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posted on 11.01.2019, 00:00 by Yanpei Wang, Shuhai Qiu, Sheng Xie, Long Zhou, Youhua Hong, Jingjing Chang, Jishan Wu, Zebing Zeng
Extension of oxygen-embedded polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), in particular with a defined topology, is synthetically challenging primarily because of limited regio-specific methods and poor solubility of PAHs. We reported herein an efficient way to construct quinoidal pentacenes and nonacenes with regular zigzag O-inserted edges. These O-embedded backbones composed of benzene, pyranyl, and cyclohexa-1,4-diene moieties provided access to a new class of longitudinally conjugated acenes with superior stability. Their structures, confirmed by single-crystal XRD analysis, indicated that they possessed rich hydrogen/halogen-bonding interactions, which likely contribute to the strengthened aggregation. In contrast to many other O-annulated PAHs generally displaying short-absorption wavelengths due to partially interrupted electron communication, the O-embedded quinoidal acene exhibited highly red-shifted absorptions (up to ∼699 nm) and narrowed energy gaps (down to ∼1.5 eV). As with more O-containing rings and quinoidal subunits in the backbone, the conjugation size was enlarged, and the molar absorption coefficients (ε) of the λmax significantly increased further, in particular, a noticeable lower-energy peak at ∼790 nm for O-doping nonacenes N1-OH/OMe. By the thin-film-based organic field-effect transistor measurements, the relatively ordered O-doping pentacene P1-OMe possessed a hole transporting efficiency (μh) of 0.00406 cm–2 V–1 s–1 in in-air fabricated devices, while O-pentacene P1-PFB with two perfluorobutoxyl substituents witnessed an improved μh up to 0.0152 cm–2 V–1 s–1. In addition, one- or two-electron oxidation of O-pentacene/nonacene generated the corresponding radical cations or dications, in which electronic properties were dependent on the number of O-containing six-membered rings and quinoidal subunits. The study provided insights into the relationships between molecule structures and optoelectronic properties for the unique class of O-embedded PAHs.