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Synthesis, Structural Characterization, and Unusual Field-Effect Behavior of Organic Transistor Semiconductor Oligomers: Inferiority of Oxadiazole Compared with Other Electron-Withdrawing Subunits

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posted on 11.02.2009, 00:00 by Taegweon Lee, Chad A. Landis, Bal Mukund Dhar, Byung Jun Jung, Jia Sun, Amy Sarjeant, Ho-Jin Lee, Howard E. Katz
A new series of heterocyclic oligomers based on the 1,3,4-oxadiazole ring were synthesized. Other electron-deficient cores (fluorenone and fumaronitrile) were introduced to investigate the oligomers as n-channel materials. The physical properties, thin film morphologies, and field-effect transistor characteristics of the oligomers were evaluated. Thin films were deposited at different substrate temperatures and on variously coated Si/SiO2 for device optimization. Contrary to our expectations, the thin film devices of 4 revealed p-channel behavior, and the average hole mobility was 0.14 cm2 V−1 s−1 (maximum value 0.18 cm2 V−1 s−1). Compound 11 is the first example of an oxadiazole-containing organic semiconductor (OSC) oligomer in an n-channel organic field-effect transistor (OFET) and shows moderate mobilities. Non-oxadiazole-containing oligomers 9 and 12 showed n-channel OFET behavior on hexamethyldisilazane-treated and Cytop spin-coated SiO2 in vacuum. These are the first fluorenone- and fumaronitrile-based n-OSCs demonstrated in transistors. However, oxadiazole-core materials 14 and 16 were inactive in transistor devices.