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Synthesis, Photophysical Properties, and Biological Profiling of Benzothieno-Fused 7‑Deazapurine Ribonucleosides

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posted on 04.06.2020, 11:38 by Chao Yang, Radek Pohl, Michal Tichý, Soňa Gurská, Petr Pavliš, Petr Džubák, Marián Hajdúch, Michal Hocek
Two isomeric series of benzothieno-fused 7-deazapurine (benzo­[4′,5′]­thieno­[3′,2′:4,5]- and benzo­[4′,5′]­thieno­[2′,3′:4,5]­pyrrolo­[2,3-d]­pyrimidine) ribonucleosides were designed and synthesized. Key steps of the synthesis included the Negishi coupling of zincated dichloropyrimidine with 2- or 3-iodobenzothiophene followed by azidation, thermal or photochemical cyclization, glycosylation, and final functionalization at position 6 through cross-couplings or nucleophilic substitutions. Deprotection gave the final nucleosides, some of which showed moderate cytotoxic and antiviral activity. Most of the free nucleosides showed moderate to strong fluorescence with emission maxima of 362–554 nm. 2′-Deoxyribonucleoside and its 5′-O-triphosphate were also prepared from benzothieno-fused 7-deazaadenine derivative, and the triphosphate was a good substrate for KOD XL DNA polymerase in primer extension synthesis of modified DNA which exerted a weak fluorescence which was slightly enhanced in double-stranded DNA as compared to single-stranded oligonucleotides.