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Synthesis, Coordination Characteristics, Conformational Behavior, and Bond Reactivity Studies of a Novel Chiral Phosphapalladacycle Complex

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posted on 10.08.2009, 00:00 authored by Yi Ding, Minyi Chiang, Sumod A. Pullarkat, Yongxin Li, Pak-Hing Leung
A novel five-membered dimeric phosphapalladacycle was prepared using palladium(II) acetate as the ortho-palladation source. A successful optical resolution of the palladacycle was achieved through the separation of its (S)-prolinate derivatives by fractional crystallization using different solvent systems. Both the (R,R)- and (S,S)-di-μ-chloro dimeric palladium complexes can be obtained by treating the corresponding prolinato derivatives with 1 M hydrochloric acid, and the absolute configurations of both optically active dimers were concluded from the X-ray diffration studies. Two phosphine ligands, triphenylphosphine (PPh3) and 3,4-dimethyl-1-phenylphosphole (dmpp), were able to coordinate with the dimeric palladium complex, and thus the palladacycle’s coordination characteristics were studied by both 31P NMR and X-ray diffraction. The phosphapalladacycle’s conformational behavior was further studied by the 2D 1H−1H ROESY NMR of its acetylacetonate derivative, which indicated that the α-methyl group was axially located and the palladacycle was conformationally rigid in solution. Moreover, the Pd−C bond in the palladacycle and the dmpp derivative was found to be ruptured immediately in the presence of concentrated HCl.