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Synthesis, Characterization and In Vivo Studies of Cu(II)-64-Labeled Cross-Bridged Tetraazamacrocycle-amide Complexes as Models of Peptide Conjugate Imaging Agents

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posted on 17.05.2007, 00:00 by Jennifer E. Sprague, Yijie Peng, Ashley L. Fiamengo, Katrina S. Woodin, Evan A. Southwick, Gary R. Weisman, Edward H. Wong, James A. Golen, Arnold L. Rheingold, Carolyn J. Anderson
Copper-64, a positron emitter suitable for positron emission tomography (PET), demonstrates improved in vivo clearance when chelated by the cross-bridged tetraazamacrocycle CB-TE2A compared to TETA. Good in vivo clearance was also observed for 64Cu-CB-TE2A conjugated to a peptide, which converts one coordinating carboxylate pendant arm to an amide. To better understand the in vivo stability of peptide- conjugated CB-TE2A, cross-bridged monoamides were synthesized. Crystal structures of natCu(II)-CB-TEAMA and natCu(II)-CB-PhTEAMA revealed hexadentate, distorted octahedral coordination geometry. In vivo biodistribution showed clearance of all 64Cu-radiolabeled cross-bridged monoamides from liver and bone marrow such that uptake at 24 h was <10% of uptake at 30 min. In contrast, >60% of 30 min uptake from 64Cu-TETA was retained in these tissues at 24 h. Clearance of 64Cu-cross-bridged monoamides from nontarget organs suggests good in vivo stability, thus supporting the use of CB-TE2A as a bifunctional chelator without modifications to the macrocycle backbone.