Synthesis, Characterization, and Cytotoxic Activity of Novel Potentially pH-Sensitive Nonclassical Platinum(II) Complexes Featuring 1,3-Dihydroxyacetone Oxime Ligands
datasetposted on 22.02.2016, 16:46 by Yulia Yu. Scaffidi-Domianello, Anton A. Legin, Michael A. Jakupec, Vladimir B. Arion, Vadim Yu. Kukushkin, Markus Galanski, Bernhard K. Keppler
The reaction of 1,3-dihydroxyacetone oxime with diam(m)minediaquaplatinum(II) under basic conditions produced zwitterionic diam(m)mine(3-hydroxy-2-(oxidoimino)propan-1-olato-κ2N,O)platinum(II) complexes featuring the N,O-chelating ligand. Upon reaction with hydrochloric acid, it was possible to isolate either the singly protonated species still exhibiting the intact N,O-chelate or the open-chain chlorido complex. All complexes were characterized in detail with multinuclear (1H, 13C, and 195Pt) NMR spectroscopy, ESI mass spectrometry, and in one case X-ray diffraction. Cytotoxicity was investigated in three human cancer cell lines (CH1, SW480, and A549). The obtained IC50 values are in the medium or even low micromolar range, remarkable for platinum complexes having N3O or N3Cl coordination spheres. To study the solution behavior of the prepared complexes at physiologically relevant proton concentrations, time-dependent 1H NMR measurements were performed for the ethane-1,2-diamine-containing series at pH values of 7.4, 6.0, and exemplarily 5.0. While the zwitterionic complex proved to be stable at both pH 7.4 and 6.0, the protonated species were deprotonated at pH 7.4, tending toward ring opening in slightly acidic environments, as characteristic for many solid tumors. Finally, the open-chain form stayed intact at pH 6.0, being completely converted into its chelated analogue at pH 7.4. A pH-dependent evaluation of antiproliferative effects of the two latter complexes at pH 7.4 and pH 6.0 revealed an activation under slightly acidic conditions, which might be of interest for further in vivo studies.