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Syntheses and X-ray Crystal Structures of Zirconium(IV) and Hafnium(IV) Complexes Containing Monovacant Wells−Dawson and Keggin Polyoxotungstates

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posted on 02.10.2006, 00:00 by Chika Nozaki Kato, Akira Shinohara, Kunihiko Hayashi, Kenji Nomiya
The syntheses and crystal structures of a series of zirconium(IV) and hafnium(IV) complexes with Dawson monovacant phosphotungstate [α2-P2W17O61]10- and in situ-generated Keggin monovacant phosphotungstate [α-PW11O39]7-, which was obtained by a reaction of [α-PW12O40]3- with Na2CO3, are described. K15H[Zr(α2-P2W17O61)2]·25H2O (K-1), K16[Hf(α2-P2W17O61)2]·19H2O (K-2), (Et2NH2)10[Zr(α-PW11O39)2]·7H2O (Et2NH2-3), and (Et2NH2)10[Hf(α-PW11O39)2]·2H2O (Et2NH2-4), being afforded by reactions in aqueous solutions of monolacunary Dawson and Keggin polyoxotungstates with ZrCl2O·8H2O and HfCl2O·8H2O followed by exchanging countercations, were obtained as analytically pure, homogeneous colorless crystals. Single-crystal X-ray structure analyses revealed that the Zr(IV) and Hf(IV) ions are in a square antiprismatic coordination environment with eight oxygen atoms, four of them being provided from each of the two monovacant polyanion ligands. Although the total molecular shapes and the 8-coordinate zirconium and hafnium centers of complexes 14 are identical, the bonding modes (bond lengths and bond angles) around the zirconium(IV) and hafnium(IV) centers were dependent on the monovacant structures of the polyanion ligands. Additionally, the characterization of complexes 14 was accomplished by elemental analysis, TG/DTA, FTIR, and solution (31P and 183W) NMR spectroscopy.