ic501282d_si_005.cif (10.47 kB)

Surfactant-Thermal Syntheses, Structures, and Magnetic Properties of Mn–Ge–Sulfides/Selenides

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posted on 06.10.2014, 00:00 by Guodong Zhang, Peizhou Li, Junfeng Ding, Yi Liu, Wei-Wei Xiong, Lina Nie, Tom Wu, Yanli Zhao, Alfred Iing Yoong Tok, Qichun Zhang
Although either surfactants or amines have been investigated to direct the crystal growth of metal chalcogenides, the synergic effect of organic amines and surfactants to control the crystal growth has not been explored. In this report, several organic bases (hydrazine monohydrate, ethylenediamine (en), 1,2-propanediamine (1,2-dap), and 1,3-propanediamine (1,3-dap)) have been employed as structure-directing agents (SDAs) to prepare four novel chalcogenides (Mn3Ge2S7(NH3)4 (1), [Mn­(en)2(H2O)]­[Mn­(en)2MnGe3Se9] (2), (1,2-dapH)2­{[Mn­(1,2-dap)2]­Ge2Se7} (3), and (1,3-dapH)­(puH)­MnGeSe4(4) (pu = propyleneurea) under surfactant media (PEG-400). These as-prepared new crystalline materials provide diverse metal coordination geometries, including MnS3N tetrahedra, MnGe2Se7 trimer, and MnGe3Se10 T2 cluster. Compounds 13 have been fully characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD), powder XRD, UV–vis spectra, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis. Moreover, magnetic measurements for compound 1 showed an obvious antiferromagnetic transition at ∼9 K. Our research not only enriches the structural chemistry of the transitional-metal/14/16 chalcogenides but also allows us to better understand the synergic effect of organic amines and surfactants on the crystallization of metal chalcogenides.