om5007566_si_001.cif (173.6 kB)

Structure vs 119Sn NMR Chemical Shift in Three-Coordinated Tin(II) Complexes: Experimental Data and Predictive DFT Computations

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posted on 08.06.2015, 00:00 by Lingfang Wang, Christos E. Kefalidis, Thierry Roisnel, Sourisak Sinbandhit, Laurent Maron, Jean-François Carpentier, Yann Sarazin
The new amido-/alkoxy-tin complexes [Sn­(μ-OSiPh3)­(OSiPh3)]2 (4), [Sn­(μ-OiPr)­(OSiPh3)]2 (5), [Sn­(μ-OSiPh3)­(Cl)]2 (6), [Sn­(μ-OiPr)­(Cl)]2 (7), [Sn­(OSiPh3)­(NMe2)]2 (8), and [Sn­(OiPr)­(NMe2)]2 (9) have been synthesized. The molecular solid-state structures of 47 established by XRD analysis show these complexes to exist as μ-O-bridged dimers with three-coordinated tin­(II) atoms. Diffusion-ordered NMR spectroscopy (DOSY) measurements demonstrated that the complexes retain their dimeric structure in solution in aromatic solvents. The 119Sn­{1H} NMR data for 47 and those of the known dimers [Sn­(μ-OiPr)­(OiPr)]2 (2), [Sn­(μ-NMe2)­(NMe2)]2 (3), [Sn­(μ-OiPr)­(N­(SiMe3)2)]2 (10), and Lappert’s [Sn­(μ-Cl)­(N­(SiMe3)2)]2 (11) have been recorded in toluene-d8 (using Sn­(N­(SiMe3)2)2 (1), δ119Sn = +771 ppm, as a reference compound). The resonances, located in the range +138 to −338 ppm, are increasingly shifted toward high fields with substitution according to NMe2 ∼ N­(SiMe3)2 < Cl < OtBu ≤ OiPr < OSiPh3. DFT computations have been performed to model the 119Sn NMR chemical shifts in these tin­(II) complexes as well as in 10 other heteroleptic, monometallic phenolate-supported stannylenes featuring three-coordinated metal atoms, taking into account the coordination number of the metal atoms. The applied methodology produces computed data that match those recorded experimentally by 119Sn­{1H} NMR spectroscopy, hence providing a convenient tool that complements traditional spectroscopic (119Sn NMR, DOSY NMR) and diffraction methods to predict the structural and spectroscopic features of stannylenes.

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