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Structure Prediction of Epitaxial Organic Interfaces with Ogre, Demonstrated for Tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ) on Tetrathiafulvalene (TTF)

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posted on 2023-05-22, 17:34 authored by Saeed Moayedpour, Imanuel Bier, Wen Wen, Derek Dardzinski, Olexandr Isayev, Noa Marom
Highly ordered epitaxial interfaces between organic semiconductors are considered as a promising avenue for enhancing the performance of organic electronic devices including solar cells and transistors, thanks to their well-controlled, uniform electronic properties and high carrier mobilities. The electronic structure of epitaxial organic interfaces and their functionality in devices are inextricably linked to their structure. We present a method for structure prediction of epitaxial organic interfaces based on lattice matching followed by surface matching, implemented in the open-source Python package, Ogre. The lattice matching step produces domain-matched interfaces, where commensurability is achieved with different integer multiples of the substrate and film unit cells. In the surface matching step, Bayesian optimization (BO) is used to find the interfacial distance and registry between the substrate and film. The BO objective function is based on dispersion corrected deep neural network interatomic potentials. These are shown to be in qualitative agreement with density functional theory (DFT) regarding the optimal position of the film on top of the substrate and the ranking of putative interface structures. Ogre is used to investigate the epitaxial interface of 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ) on tetrathiafulvalene (TTF), whose electronic structure has been probed by ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (UPS), but whose structure had been hitherto unknown [Organic Electronics 2017, 48, 371]. We find that TCNQ(001) on top of TTF(100) is the most stable interface configuration, closely followed by TCNQ(010) on top of TTF(100). The density of states, calculated using DFT, is in excellent agreement with UPS, including the presence of an interface charge transfer state.