Structure Determination of Europium Complexes in Solution Using Crystal-Field Splitting of the Narrow f–f Emission Lines
datasetposted on 19.07.2021, 19:38 authored by Yoshinori Okayasu, Junpei Yuasa
Nine nona-coordinated Eu(III) complexes (1–9) studied here have three unsymmetric β-diketonate ligands and one chiral Ph-Pybox ligand, which can produce eight possible coordination isomers, depending on the position of the three unsymmetric β-diketonate ligands. Substituents on the β-diketonate ligands cause a rational structural rearrangement upon crystallization. Substituents with higher polarity, including −CN, −F, −Cl, −Br, −OMe, and −OEt, employ intercomplex hydrogen bonding to generate an association complex through structural rearrangement upon crystallization. Substituents with lower polarity, including −CF3, −SMe, and −Me, cause the most energetically favorable isomer to crystallize directly from solution. These two crystal structures exhibit well-resolved f–f emission lines with characteristic Stark splitting structures. This work revealed that the configuration of the Eu(III) complexes in solution can be determined by systematic comparison of their Stark splitting structures to those obtained from the solid phase using density functional theory (DFT)-based predictions combined with circular dichroism data.