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Structure Determination of Europium Complexes in Solution Using Crystal-Field Splitting of the Narrow ff Emission Lines

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posted on 19.07.2021, 19:38 authored by Yoshinori Okayasu, Junpei Yuasa
Nine nona-coordinated Eu­(III) complexes (19) studied here have three unsymmetric β-diketonate ligands and one chiral Ph-Pybox ligand, which can produce eight possible coordination isomers, depending on the position of the three unsymmetric β-diketonate ligands. Substituents on the β-diketonate ligands cause a rational structural rearrangement upon crystallization. Substituents with higher polarity, including −CN, −F, −Cl, −Br, −OMe, and −OEt, employ intercomplex hydrogen bonding to generate an association complex through structural rearrangement upon crystallization. Substituents with lower polarity, including −CF3, −SMe, and −Me, cause the most energetically favorable isomer to crystallize directly from solution. These two crystal structures exhibit well-resolved f–f emission lines with characteristic Stark splitting structures. This work revealed that the configuration of the Eu­(III) complexes in solution can be determined by systematic comparison of their Stark splitting structures to those obtained from the solid phase using density functional theory (DFT)-based predictions combined with circular dichroism data.