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Structural and Electronic Studies of Substituted m‑Terphenyl Group 12 Complexes

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posted on 2022-05-31, 01:43 authored by Andrew J. Valentine, Laurence J. Taylor, Ana M. Geer, Cameron D. Huke, Katherine E. Wood, Will Tovey, William Lewis, Stephen P. Argent, Andrew M. Teale, Jonathan McMaster, Deborah L. Kays
The effects of para-substitution on the structural and electronic properties of four series of two-coordinate m-terphenyl Group 12 complexes (R-Ar#)2M (M = Zn, Cd, Hg; R = t-Bu 13, SiMe3 46, Cl 79, CF3 1012, where R-Ar# = 2,6-{2,6-Xyl}2-4-R-C6H2 and 2,6-Xyl = 2,6-Me2C6H3) have been investigated. X-ray crystallography shows little structural variation across the series, with no significant change in the C–M–C bond distances and angles. However, considerable electronic differences are revealed by heteronuclear nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy; a linear correlation is observed between the 113Cd, 199Hg, and 1H (2,6-Xyl methyl protons) NMR chemical shifts of the para-substituted complexes and the Hammett constants for the R-substituents. Specifically, an upfield shift in the NMR signal is observed with increasingly electron-withdrawing R-substituents. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations are employed to attempt to rationalize these trends.