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Structural, Dynamic, and Theoretical Studies of [AunPt2(PPh3)4(μ-S)2-n3-S)nL][PF6]n [n = 1, L = PPh3; n = 2, L = Ph2PCH2PPh2, (C5H4PPh2)2Fe]

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posted on 21.10.2000, 00:00 by Zhaohui Li, Zhi-Heng Loh, K. F. Mok, T. S. Andy Hor
Three heterometallic Au−Pt complexes [Pt2(PPh3)4(μ-S)(μ3-S)Au(PPh3)][PF6] (2), [Pt2(PPh3)43-S)2Au2(μ-dppm)][PF6]2 (3), and [Pt2(PPh3)43-S)2Au2(μ-dppf)][PF6]2 (4) have been synthesized from Pt2(PPh3)4(μ-S)2 (1) [dppm = Ph2PCH2PPh2; dppf = (C5H4PPh2)2Fe] and characterized by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. In 2, the Au(I) atom is anchored on only one of the sulfur centers. In 3 and 4, both sulfur atoms are aurated, showing the ability of 1 to support an overhead bridge structure, viz. [Au2(P−P)], with or without the presence of Au−Au bond. The change of dppf to dppm facilitates such active interactions. Two stereoisomers of complex 3 (3a,b) have been obtained and characterized by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. NLDFT calculations on 2 show that the linear coordination mode is stabilized with respect to the trigonal planar mode by 14.0 kJ/mol. All complexes (24) are fluxional in solution with different mechanisms. In 2, the [Au(PPh3)] fragment switches rapidly between the two sulfur sites. Our hybrid MM-NLDFT calculations found a transition state in which the Au(I) bears an irregular trigonal planar geometry (ΔG = 19.9 kJ/mol), as well as an intermediate in which Au(I) adopts a regular trigonal planar geometry. Complexes 3a,b are roughly diastereoisomeric and related by σ (mirror plane) conversion. This symmetry operation can be broken down to two mutually dependent fluxional processes:  (i) rapid flipping of the dppm methylene group across the molecular plane defined by the overhead bridge; (ii) rocking motion of the two Au atoms across the S···S axis of the {Pt2S2} core. Modeling of the former by molecular mechanics yields a steric barrier of 29.0 kJ/mol, close to that obtained from variable-temperature 31P{1H} NMR study (33.7 kJ/mol). In 4, the twisting of the ferrocenyl moiety across the S···S axis is in concert with a rocking motion of the two gold atoms. The movement of dppf is sterically most demanding, and hence, 4 is the only complex that shows a static structure at lower temperatures. Pertinent crystallographic data:  (2) space group P1̄, a = 15.0340(5) Å, b = 15.5009(5) Å, c = 21.9604(7) Å, α = 74.805(1)°, β = 85.733(1)°, γ = 78.553(1)°, R = 0.0500; (3a) space group Pna21, a = 32.0538(4) Å, b = 16.0822(3) Å, c = 18.9388(3) Å, R = 0.0347; (3b) space group Pna21, a = 31.950(2) Å, b = 16.0157(8) Å, c = 18.8460(9) Å, R = 0.0478; (4) space group P21/c, a = 13.8668(2) Å, b = 51.7754(4) Å, c = 15.9660(2) Å, β = 113.786(1)°, R = 0.0649.

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