Strong π‑Backbonding Enables Record Magnetic Exchange Coupling Through Cyanide
datasetposted on 15.10.2019, 22:03 by Juan A. Valdez-Moreira, Agnes E. Thorarinsdottir, Jordan A. DeGayner, Sean A. Lutz, Chun-Hsing Chen, Yaroslav Losovyj, Maren Pink, T. David Harris, Jeremy M. Smith
The paramagnetic cyano-bridged complex PhB(tBuIm)3Fe–NC–Mo(NtBuAr)3 (Ar = 3,5-Me2C6H3) is readily assembled from a new four-coordinate, high-spin (S = 2) iron(II) monocyanide complex and the three-coordinate molybdenum(III) complex Mo(NtBuAr)3. X-ray diffraction and IR spectroscopy reveal that delocalization of unpaired electron density into the cyanide π* orbitals leads to a reduction of the C–N bond order. Direct current (dc) magnetic susceptibility measurements, supported by electronic structure calculations, demonstrate the presence of strong antiferromagnetic exchange between spin centers, with a coupling constant of J = −122(2) cm–1. To our knowledge, this value represents the strongest magnetic exchange coupling ever to be observed through cyanide. These results demonstrate the ability of low-coordinate metal fragments to engender extremely strong magnetic exchange coupling through cyanide by virtue of significant π-backbonding into the cyanide ligand.