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Sterically Directed Functionalization of the Redox-Active Bis(imino)acenaphthene Ligand Class: An Experimental and Theoretical Investigation

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posted on 18.09.2013, 00:00 by Daniel A. Evans, Ignacio Vargas-Baca, Alan H. Cowley
The synthesis, characterization, and theoretical study of the sterically directed functionalization of the redox-active bis­(imino)­acenaphthene (BIAN) ligand class has been explored. With dependence on the steric congestion encompassing the N–C–C–N fragment of the Ar-BIAN ligand, functionalization can be directed to proceed either via a radical backbone dearomatization or a nucleophilic imine C-alkylation pathway. The structures of the Ar-BIAN derivatives 1419 were determined by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The reaction pathways involved in Ar-BIAN functionalization were monitored by means of EPR spectroscopy. The experimental results and observations were examined in conjunction with DFT-D calculations in order to explain the driving forces that direct the pathways leading to Ar-BIAN functionalization.