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Stereospecific Cross-Coupling Reactions of Aryl-Substituted Tetrahydrofurans, Tetrahydropyrans, and Lactones

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posted on 17.12.2015, 05:23 by Emily J. Tollefson, David D. Dawson, Charlotte A. Osborne, Elizabeth R. Jarvo
The stereospecific ring-opening of O-heterocycles to provide acyclic alcohols and carboxylic acids with controlled formation of a new C–C bond is reported. These reactions provide new methods for synthesis of acyclic polyketide analogs with complex stereochemical arrays. Stereoselective synthesis of the cyclic template is utilized to control relative configuration; subsequent stereospecific nickel-catalyzed ring-opening affords the acyclic product. Aryl-substituted tetrahydrofurans and tetrahydropyrans undergo nickel-catalyzed Kumada-type coupling with a range of Grignard reagents to furnish acyclic alcohols with high diastereoselectivity. Enantioenriched lactones undergo Negishi-type cross-coupling with dimethylzinc to afford enantioenriched carboxylic acids. Application in a two-step enantioselective synthesis of an anti-dyslipidemia agent is demonstrated.