jo9b03342_si_003.cif (1.23 MB)

Stereoselective Synthesis of All Possible Phosferrox Ligand Diastereoisomers Displaying Three Elements of Chirality: Stereochemical Optimization for Asymmetric Catalysis

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posted on 12.03.2020, 21:29 by Ross A. Arthurs, David L. Hughes, Christopher J. Richards
All four possible diastereoisomers of phosphinoferrocenyloxazoline (Phosferrox type) ligands containing three elements of chirality were synthesized as single enantiomers. The Sc configured oxazoline moiety (R = Me, i-Pr) was used to control the generation of planar chirality by lithiation, with the alternative diastereoisomer formed by use of a deuterium blocking group. In each case subsequent addition of PhPCl2 followed by o-TolMgBr resulted in a single P-stereogenic diastereoisomer (Sc,Sp,Sphos and Sc,Rp,Rphos, respectively). The alternative diastereoisomers were formed selectively by addition of o-TolPCl2 followed by PhMgBr ((Sc,Sp,Rphos and Sc,Rp,Sphos, respectively). Preliminary application of these four ligand diastereoisomers, together with (Sc,Sp) and (Sc,Rp) Phosferrox (PPh2), to palladium catalyzed allylic alkylation of trans-1,3-diphenylallyl acetate revealed a stepwise increase/decrease in ee, with the configuration of the matched/matched diastereoisomer as Sc,Sp,Sphos (97% ee).