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Stereocontrolled Synthesis of (−)-Bactobolin A

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posted on 14.04.2020, 12:28 by Petra Vojáčková, Lucyna Michalska, Marek Nečas, Dimitri Shcherbakov, Erik C. Böttger, Jiří Šponer, Judit E. Šponer, Jakub Švenda
A stereoselective synthesis of the ribosome-binding antitumor antibiotic (−)-bactobolin A is reported. The presented approach makes effective use of (−)-quinic acid as a chiral pool starting material and substrate stereocontrol to establish the five contiguous stereocenters of (−)-bactobolin A. The key steps of the synthesis include a stereoselective vinylogous aldol reaction to introduce the unusual dichloromethyl substituent, a completely diastereoselective rhodium­(II)-catalyzed C–H amination reaction to set the configuration of the axial amine, and an intramolecular alkoxycarbonylation to build the bicyclic lactone framework. The developed synthetic route was used to prepare 90 mg of (−)-bactobolin A trifluoroacetate in 10% overall yield.