jo7b00961_si_005.cif (682 kB)

Stable 5,5′-Substituted 2,2′-Bipyrroles: Building Blocks for Macrocyclic and Materials Chemistry

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posted on 26.05.2017, 00:00 by Gonzalo Anguera, Brice Kauffmann, José I. Borrell, Salvador Borrós, David Sánchez-García
The preparation and characterization of a family of stable 2,2′-bipyrroles substituted at positions 5 and 5′ with thienyl, phenyl, TMS-ethynyl, and vinyl groups is reported herein. The synthesis of these new bipyrroles comprises three steps: formation of the corresponding 5,5′-unsubstituted bipyrrole, bromination, and Stille or Suzuki coupling. The best results in the coupling are obtained using the Stille reaction under microwave irradiation. The new compounds have been fully characterized by UV–vis absorption, fluorescence, and IR spectroscopies and cyclic voltammetry. X-ray single-crystal analysis of four of the synthesized bipyrroles indicates a trans coplanar geometry of the pyrrole rings. Furthermore, the substituents at positions 5,5′ remain coplanar to the central rings. This particular geometry extends the π-conjugation of the systems, which is in agreement with a red-shifting observed for the λmax of the substituted molecules compared to the unsubstituted bipyrrole. All of these new compounds display a moderate fluorescence. In contrast with unsubstituted bipyrroles, these bipyrroles are endowed with a high chemical and thermal stability and solubility in organic solvents.