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Square-Planar N2S2NiII Complexes with an Extended π-Conjugated System

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posted on 14.05.2007, 00:00 by Tatsuya Kawamoto, Kazunori Takeda, Masato Nishiwaki, Takashi Aridomi, Takumi Konno
The reaction of a mixture of 2-(1-naphthyl)benzothiazoline (HL1) and 2,6-diphenylbenzo[1,2-d:4,5-d‘]bisthiazoline (H3L2) with nickel(II) acetate tetrahydrate yielded three kinds of square-planar nickel(II) complexes:  one nickel(II) complex with innocent ligands ([Ni(L1)2] (1c)) and two nickel(II) complexes with non-innocent ligands ([Ni(L1−L1)] (1a) and [Ni(L1−L2)] (1b)). The complex 1c has two bidentate-N,S ligands, which are formed via ring opening of HL1. On the other hand, the two complexes 1a and 1b contain a tetradentate-N2S2 ligand, which is created via ring opening of HL1 and H3L2, followed by bond formation between imino carbon atoms. Complexes 1a and 1b show very intense absorptions in the near-infrared (NIR) region, characteristic of square-planar complexes with non-innocent ligands. The third nickel(II) complex having a non-innocent tetradentate-N2S2 ligand ([Ni(L2−L2)] (2)) was prepared from H3L2 and nickel(II) acetate tetrahydrate. The electronic spectrum of 2 exhibits a very intense absorption at 981 nm (ε = 3.6 × 104 M-1 cm-1), which is significantly red-shifted compared with those of 1a (837 nm and 4.4 × 104 M-1 cm-1) and 1b (885 nm and 4.5 × 104 M-1 cm-1), indicating the presence of an extended π delocalization. The reaction of 2,6-bis(3,5-dichlorophenyl)benzo[1,2-d:4,5-d‘]bisthiazoline (H3L3) with nickel(II) acetate tetrahydrate also led to the formation of a nickel(II) complex with a non-innocent ligand ([Ni(L3−L3)] (3)). While complex 3 is analogous to 2, its electrical conductivity is much higher than that of 2. The molecular structures of 1b, 1c, 2, and 3 were determined by X-ray crystallography.