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Spin State in Homoleptic Iron(II) Terpyridine Complexes Influences Mixed Valency and Electrocatalytic CO2 Reduction

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posted on 2023-04-12, 21:05 authored by Simon Suhr, Nicolai Schröter, Merlin Kleoff, Nicolas Neuman, David Hunger, Robert Walter, Clemens Lücke, Felix Stein, Serhiy Demeshko, Hang Liu, Hans-Ulrich Reissig, Joris van Slageren, Biprajit Sarkar
Two homoleptic Fe­(II) complexes in different spin states bearing superbasic terpyridine derivatives as ligands are investigated to determine the relationship between spin state and electrochemical/spectroscopic behavior. Antiferromagnetic coupling between a ligand-centered radical and the high-spin metal center leads to an anodic shift of the first reduction potential and results in a species that shows mixed valency with a moderately intense intervalence-charge-transfer band. The differences afforded by the different spin states extend to the electrochemical reactivity of the complexes: while the low-spin species is a precatalyst for electrocatalytic CO2 reduction and leads to the preferential formation of CO with a Faradaic efficiency of 37%, the high-spin species only catalyzes proton reduction at a modest Faradaic efficiency of approximately 20%.

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