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Solvatochromic Behavior of a Nanotubular Metal−Organic Framework for Sensing Small Molecules

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posted on 30.03.2011, 00:00 by Zhen-Zhong Lu, Rui Zhang, Yi-Zhi Li, Zi-Jian Guo, He-Gen Zheng
A nanotubular metal−organic framework (MOF), {[(WS4Cu4)I2(dptz)3]·DMF}n (dptz = 3,6-di(pyridin-4-yl)-1,2,4,5-tetrazine, DMF = N,N-dimethylformamide) for sensing small solvent molecules is presented. When accommodating different solvent molecules as guests, the resulting inclusion compounds exhibit different colors depending on the solvent guests, and more interestingly, the band gaps of these solvent-included complexes are in linear correlation with the polarity of the guest solvents. The solvent molecules can be sensed by the changes of UV−vis spectra of the corresponding inclusion compounds, showing a new way of signal transduction as a new kind of sensor. The sensing by such a MOF occurs within the channel-containing material rather than on the external surface.