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Self-Templated, Enantioselective Assembly of an Amyloid-like Dipeptide into Multifunctional Hierarchical Helical Arrays

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posted on 2021-05-28, 13:04 authored by Yuefei Wang, Qing Li, Jiaxing Zhang, Wei Qi, Shengping You, Rongxin Su, Zhimin He
Chiral self-assembly of peptides has attracted great interest owing to their promising applications in biomedicine, chemistry, and materials science. However, compared with the rich knowledge about their chiral self-assembly at the molecular or nanoscale, the formation of long-range-ordered hierarchical helical arrays (HHAs) from simple peptides remains a formidable challenge. Herein, we report the self-templated assembly of an amyloid-like dipeptide into long-range-ordered HHAs by their spontaneous fibrillization and hierarchical helical assembly within a confined film. The chiral interactions between the peptide and diamines result in geometry frustration and the phase transition of self-assembling peptide films from achiral spherulite structures into chiral HHAs. By changing the chirality and enantioselective interactions, we can control the phase behavior, handedness, and chiroptics of the self-assembled HHAs precisely. Moreover, the redox activity of the HHAs allows the in situ decoration of nanoparticles with high catalytic activity. These results provide insights into the chiral self-assembly of peptides and the fabrication of highly ordered materials with complex architectures and promising applications in chiroptics and catalysis.

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