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Self-Assembly of Palladium(II) and Platinum(II) Complexes of 2-Hydroxypyrimidine to Novel Metallacalix[4]arenes. Receptor Properties through Multiple H-Bonding Interactions

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posted on 29.04.2000, 00:00 by Jorge A. R. Navarro, Eva Freisinger, Bernhard Lippert
Reaction of [enM(H2O)2](NO3)2 (en = ethylenediamine, M = PdII, PtII) with 2-hydroxypyrimidine (Hpymo) in water results in self-assembly to cyclic complexes of type [enM(pymo-N1,N3)]4(NO3)4 (1, M = PdII; 2, M = PtII) which are structurally analogous to calix[4]arenes. The tetranuclear cations in compounds 1 and 2 adopt, in the solid state, a 1,3-alternate orientation of the pymo residues. Attempts to coordinate either soft (PdII, PtII), borderline (CuII, ZnII), or hard (LaIII, BeII, NaI) metal ions to the oxo surface of the metallacalix[4]arene lower rim were fruitless. In fact, X-ray studies performed on {[enPt(pymo-N1,N3)]4(ClO4)4}2·[Cu(H2O)6](ClO4)2·9H2O (4) showed that multiple H-bonding interactions between the water coordination sphere of the copper center and the oxo surface of two tetranuclear cations take place instead of a direct interaction between the heterometal and the oxo surface of the metallacalix[4]arene. Encapsulation of [Cu(H2O)6]2+ is also responsible for the stabilization of the pinched-cone conformation of the tetranuclear cations in 4. pH* dependent 1H NMR spectra of compounds 1 and 2 indicate a very low basicity of the O-donor group of the pymo residues, revealing no protonation of this position down to pH* 0. Moreover, recrystallization of 2 from strongly acidic aqueous solution (∼1 M HClO4) affords the adduct {[enPt(pymo-N1,N3)]4(ClO4)4}2·[H20O8](ClO4)4 (6). Analogously to 4, the cationic [H20O8]4+ species is sandwiched between two tetranuclear cations as a result of multiple H-bonding interactions with the oxo surface of two metallacalix[4]arenes. Again a pinched-cone orientation of the pymo residues is realized.