American Chemical Society
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Selection of the Best Calibration Sample Subset for Multivariate Regression

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posted on 1996-05-01, 00:00 authored by Joan Ferré, F. Xavier Rius
This paper discusses a methodology for selecting the minimum number of calibration samples in principal component regression (PCR) analysis. The method uses only the instrumental responses of a large set of samples to select the optimal subset, which is then submitted to chemical analysis and calibration. The subset is selected to provide a low variance of the regression coefficients. The methodology has been applied to UV−visible spectroscopy data to determine Ca2+ in water and near-IR spectroscopy data to determine moisture in corn. In both cases, the regression models developed with a reduced number of samples provided accurate results. As far as precision is concerned, a similar root-mean-squared error of cross-validation (RMSECV) is found when comparing the new methodology with the results of the regression models that use the complete set of calibration samples and PCR. The number of analyzed samples in the calibration set can be reduced by up to 50%, which represents a considerable reduction in costs.