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Se-Methylselenocysteine (SMC) Improves Cognitive Deficits by Attenuating Synaptic and Metabolic Abnormalities in Alzheimer’s Mice Model: A Proteomic Study

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posted on 09.03.2021, 22:04 by Xiubo Du, Qingqing Shi, Yuxi Zhao, Yongli Xie, Xuexia Li, Qiong Liu, Javed Iqbal, Huajie Zhang, Xukun Liu, Liming Shen
Se-methylselenocysteine (SMC) is a major selenocompound in selenium (Se) enriched plants and has been found to ameliorate neuropathology and cognitive deficits in triple-transgenic mice model of Alzheimer’s disease (3 × Tg-AD mice). To explore the underlying molecular mechanisms, the present study is designed to elucidate the protein changes in the cortex of SMC-treated 3 × Tg-AD mice. After SMC supplementation, proteomic analysis revealed that 181, 271, and 41 proteins were identified as differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) between 3 × Tg-AD mice vs wild type (AD/WT group), SMC-treated AD mice vs AD (AD + SMC/AD), and AD + SMC/WT group, respectively. Among these, 138 proteins in the diseased group were reversed by SMC treatment. The DEPs in AD/WT group and AD + SMC/AD group were mainly related to metabolism, synapses, and antioxidant proteins, while their levels were decreased in AD mice but up-regulated after treating with SMC. In addition, we found reduced ATP levels and destroyed synaptic structures in the AD mice brains, which were significantly ameliorated upon SMC treatment. Our study suggests that energy metabolism disorders, abnormal amino acid metabolism, synaptic dysfunction, and oxidative stress may be the key pathogenic phenomena of AD. SMC reversed the expression of proteins associated with them, which might be the main mechanism of its intervention in AD.