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Ruthenium-Amine Electronic Coupling Bridged through Phen-1,3-diyl Versus Phen-1,4-diyl: Reverse of the Charge Transfer Direction

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posted on 26.08.2013, 00:00 by Jian-Hong Tang, Si-Hai Wu, Jiang-Yang Shao, Hai-Jing Nie, Yu-Wu Zhong
Three tris-bidentate cyclometalated ruthenium complexes with a di­(p-anisyl)­amino [5(PF6)], di­(p-tolyl)­amino [6(PF6)], or di­(p-chlorophenyl)­amino [7(PF6)] substituent on the cyclometalating phenyl ring have been prepared, where the amine nitrogen is in the meta position to the cyclometalated site (bridged through the phen-1,3-diyl unit). The structure of 6(PF6) has been confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Two consecutive redox waves are evident at +0.48 and +0.87 V versus Ag/AgCl for 5(PF6), +0.51 and +1.02 V for 6(PF6), and +0.53 and +1.18 V for 7(PF6), respectively. The first wave is assigned to the Ru­(II/III) process, and the second wave is attributed to the N­(0/+) process. After one-electron oxidation using SbCl5, these complexes display distinct absorptions in the near-infrared region, which are assigned to the nitrogen-to-ruthenium intervalence charge-transfer (ICVT) transitions. The energies of the IVCT transitions vary linearly versus the potential splitting of the Ru­(II/III) and N­(0/+) process. The charge-transfer direction in these complexes is reversed with respect to a previously reported ruthenium–amine system where the amine nitrogen is in the para position to the cyclometalated site (bridged through the phen-1,4-diyl unit).