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Revised Bi/M Layered Oxo-Sulfate (M = Co, Cu): A Structural and Magnetic Study

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posted on 07.07.2014, 00:00 by Minfeng Lü, Marie Colmont, Houria Kabbour, Silviu Colis, Olivier Mentré
The combination of oxo-bismuthite slabs with counter oxo-anions main often leads to a series of layered Sillen-related compounds. For electroneutrality, it is convenient that the structure incorporates aliovalent cations such as Bi3+/M2+ ions that could be confined either in the Bi/O slabs or in the interleave. In the case of SO42– oxo-anions, only two compounds have been reported for M = Co, Cu, while interesting magnetic topologies emerge in absence of any prior characterization. Our reinvestigation of these systems using crystal growth in Bi2O3 flux led to the full structural characterization of [Bi2CoO3]­(SO4) (I) and [Bi6.2367Cu1.6O8]­(SO4)3 (II), which both exhibit pleated [Bi/M/O] slabs running in doubled cells comparatively to previous reports. (I) shows an interesting weak ferromagnetism (∼0.2 μB/Co) below 17 K arising from Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interactions in Co2+ zigzag chains, while (II) is essentially a paramagnet despite the presence of Cu2O6 dimers. Finally in the novel [Bi6O6]­(CoO2)­(SO4)2 (III), the Co2+ ions are ordered with sulfate in the interleaves, leading to a noncentrosymmetric crystal structure.