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Reversible Carbon Dioxide Binding by Simple Lewis Base Adducts with Electron-Rich Phosphines

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posted on 29.01.2016, 00:00 by Florenz Buß, Paul Mehlmann, Christian Mück-Lichtenfeld, Klaus Bergander, Fabian Dielmann
For the efficient utilization of carbon dioxide as feedstock in chemical synthesis, low-energy-barrier CO2 activation is a valuable tool. We report a metal-free approach to reversible CO2 binding under mild conditions based on simple Lewis base adducts with electron-rich phosphines. Variable-temperature NMR studies and DFT calculations reveal almost thermoneutral CO2 binding with low-energy barriers or stable CO2 adduct formation depending on the phosphines donor ability. The most basic phosphine forms an air-stable CO2 adduct that was used as phosphine transfer agent, providing a convenient access to transition-metal complexes with highly electron-rich phosphine ligands relevant to catalysis.