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Reversible Alkene Insertion into the Pd–N Bond of Pd(II)-Sulfonamidates and Implications for Catalytic Amidation Reactions

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posted on 23.11.2011, 00:00 by Paul B. White, Shannon S. Stahl
Alkene insertion into Pd–N bonds is a key step in Pd-catalyzed oxidative amidation of alkenes. A series of well-defined Pd(II)-sulfonamidate complexes have been prepared and shown to react via insertion of a tethered alkene. The Pd–amidate and resulting Pd–alkyl species have been crystallographically characterized. The alkene insertion reaction is found to be reversible, but complete conversion to oxidative amination products is observed in the presence of O2. Electronic-effect studies reveal that alkene insertion into the Pd–N bond is favored kinetically and thermodynamically with electron-rich amidates.