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Regioselective Termination Reagents for Ring-Opening Alkyne Metathesis Polymerization

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posted on 06.10.2017, 00:00 authored by Hyangsoo Jeong, Stephen von Kugelgen, Donatela Bellone, Felix R. Fischer
Alkyne cross-metathesis of molybdenum carbyne complex [TolCMo­(OCCH3(CF3)2)3]·DME with 2 equiv of functional ynamines or ynamides yields the primary cross-metathesis product with high regioselectivity (>98%) along with a molybdenum metallacyclobutadiene complex. NMR and X-ray crystal structure analysis reveals that ynamides derived from 1-(phenylethynyl)­pyrrolidin-2-one selectively cleave the propagating molybdenum species in the ring-opening alkyne metathesis polymerization (ROAMP) of ring-strained 3,8-dihexyloxy-5,6-dihydro-11,12-didehydrodibenzo­[a,e]­[8]­annulene and irreversibly deactivate the diamagnetic molybdenum metallacyclobutadiene complex through a multidentate chelate binding mode. The chain termination of living ROAMP with substituted ethynylpyrrolidin-2-ones selectively transfers a functional end-group to the polymer chain, giving access to telechelic polymers. This regioselective carbyne transfer strategy gives access to amphiphilic block copolymers through synthetic cascades of ROAMP followed by ring-opening polymerization of strained ε-caprolactone.