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Regioselective Sulfonylation and N- to O‑Sulfonyl Migration of Quinazolin-4(3H)‑ones and Analogous Thienopyrimidin-4(3H)‑ones

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posted on 18.02.2016, 20:40 by Matthias D. Mertens, Markus Pietsch, Gregor Schnakenburg, Michael Gütschow
The sulfonylation of quinazolin-4­(3H)-ones and related tetrahydrobenzothieno­[2,3-d]­pyrimidin-4­(3H)-ones with mesyl, tosyl, and p-cyanobenzenesulfonyl chloride was studied. A hydrogen substituent at 2-position directed the sulfonyl group to the N-3 position, while alkylsulfanyl or amino substituents led to sulfonylation of the carbonyl oxygen. The latter effect was attributed to steric influence and the positive mesomeric effect of the 2-substituent. An access to N-sulfonylated 2-substituted regioisomers was established. An unexpected 1,3-sulfonyl migration was observed and further analyzed. This process occurred as an intramolecular N- to O-shift as verified by kinetic and crossover experiments.

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