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Regioselective B-Cyclometalation of a Bulky o-Carboranyl Phosphine and the Unexpected Formation of a Dirhodium(II) Complex

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posted on 21.02.2016, 15:14 by Natalie Fey, Mairi F. Haddow, Rakesh Mistry, Nicholas C. Norman, A. Guy Orpen, Timothy J. Reynolds, Paul G. Pringle
The bulky carboranyl monophosphine closo-1,2-B10H10C­(H)­C­(PtBu2) (L) has been prepared in a one-pot procedure from o-carborane. The reaction of [PdCl2(NCPh)2] with L rapidly gave the binuclear B-cyclopalladate [Pd2(μ-Cl)22-L′)2] (L′ = L deprotonated at B3) as a mixture of two diastereoisomers, assigned structures 1a and 1a′. The Cl bridges of 1a/1a′ are cleaved by the addition of PEt3 to give the mononuclear [PdCl­(κ2-L′)­(PEt3)] (2) as a single isomer, with the P atoms mutually trans. The metalation occurs at boron positions 3 and 6 in the carborane cluster, and DFT calculations show that the 3,6-borometalate is lower in energy than the isomeric 4,5-borometalate and 2-carbometalate. Treatment of [Rh2Cl2(CO)4] with L led to the slow precipitation of the dirhodium­(II) species [Rh2(μ-Cl)2(CO)22-L′)2] (3). The crystal structures of ligand L and complexes 1a, 2, and 3 have been determined.

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