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Regio- and Stereoselective Synthesis of (E)-Alkene trans-Xaa-Pro Dipeptide Mimetics Utilizing Organocopper-Mediated Anti-SN2‘ Reactions

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posted on 01.08.2002, 00:00 by Akira Otaka, Fumihiko Katagiri, Takayoshi Kinoshita, Yoshihiko Odagaki, Shinya Oishi, Hirokazu Tamamura, Nobuyuki Hamanaka, Nobutaka Fujii
Proline dipeptides (Xaa-Pro) exist as an equilibrium mixture of cis- and trans-rotamers, which depends on the energy barriers for imide isomerization. This conformation mixture contributes to both structure and function of proline-containing peptides and proteins. Structural motifs resembling these cis- or trans-conformers have served as useful tools for elucidating contributions of proline residues in the physicochemical and biological profiles of structures which contain them. Among such motifs are alkene dipeptide isosteres which mimic cis- or trans-imide using (Z)- or (E)-alkene, respectively. In this report, the first regio- and stereoselective syntheses of (E)-alkene dipeptide isosteres (20, 31, and 35) corresponding to trans-proline dipeptides are described. Key to the synthesis of these mimetics is the anti-SN2‘ reaction of vinyl aziridines such as 15 or vinyl oxazolidinones such as 28 and 32 with organocopper reagents “RCu” (R = CH2SiMe2(Oi-Pr)). Reaction of cis-vinylaziridine 15 derived from l-serine with organocopper reagent gave a precursor of the trans-l-Ser-d-Pro type alkene isosteres 20, accompanied by an SN2 side product. One limitation with the use of such aziridine-mediated methodology is formation of the corresponding trans-aziridine 22, which leads to l−l type isosteres, that is unstable and obtainable only in low yield. On the other hand, both isomers of oxazolidinone derivatives can be easily obtained from N-Boc-protected amino alcohols. The reaction of trans- 28 or cis-oxazolidinone derivative 32 with organocopper reagents proceeds quantitatively with high regio- and diastereoselectivities in anti-SN2‘ fashion. Subsequent oxidative treatment of the newly introduced isopropoxydimethylsilylmethyl group yields trans-l-Ser-l-Pro 31 or trans-l-Ser-d-Pro type isosteres 35, respectively. Of note, synthesized isostere 31 can also be converted to trans-phosphoSer-Pro 42 and trans-Cys-Pro mimetics 44. The present synthetic methodology affords trans-Xaa-Pro alkene-type dipeptide isosteres in high yield with relatively simple manipulation.