American Chemical Society
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Redox Chemistry of the Triplet Complex (PNP)CoI

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posted on 2020-04-02, 13:40 authored by Michael J. Ingleson, Maren Pink, Hongjun Fan, Kenneth G. Caulton
Reaction of PNPCo, where PNP is (tBu2PCH2SiMe2)2N-, with the persistent radical galvinoxyl, G, gives PNPCoIIG, a nonplanar S = 3/2 species. Reaction with PhCH2Cl or with 0.5 mol I2 gives PNPCoX (X = Cl or I, respectively), but additional I2, seeking CoIII, gives instead oxidation at phosphorus:  (tBu2P(I)CH2SiMe2NSiMe2CH2PtBu2)CoI2. Hydrogen-atom transfer reagents fail to give PNPCoH, but H2 gives instead PNPCo(H)2, a result rationalized thermodynamically based on DFT calculations. Multiple equiv of PhSiH3 give a product of Co(V), where N/SiPh and P/Si bonds have formed. N2CH(SiMe3) gives a 1:1 adduct of PNPCo, whose metric parameters suggest partial oxidation above CoI; N2CHPh gives a 1:1 adduct but with very different spectroscopic features. PhN3 reacts fast, via several intermediates detected below 0 °C, to finally release N2 and form a CoI product where one phosphorus has been oxidized, PN(PNPh)Co. Whereas PNPCo(N3) resists loss of N2 on heating, one electron oxidation gives a rapid loss of N2, and the remaining nitride nitrogen is quickly incorporated into the chelate ligand, giving [tBu2PCH2SiMe2NSiMe2NP(tBu2)CH2Co]. O2 or PhIO generally gives products where one or both phosphorus centers are converted to its oxide, bonded to cobalt.