American Chemical Society
ic501821v_si_002.cif (208.11 kB)

Reactions of Alkyne- and Butadiyne-Derived Fluorinated Cyclophosphazenes with Diiron and Dimolybdenum Carbonyls

Download (208.11 kB)
posted on 2014-10-06, 00:00 authored by Dheeraj Kumar, Nem Singh, Anil J. Elias, Pauline Malik, Christopher W. Allen
The reaction of (β-phenylethynyl)­pentafluorocyclotriphosphazene, [(PhCC)­(F)­PN]­(PNF2)2, with Fe2(CO)9 in refluxing hexane resulted in five new compounds, namely, [Fe­(CO)222-2,4-(P3N3F5)2­Ph2C4Fe­(CO)3}-μ-CO] (1), [Fe­(CO)222-2,5-(P3N3F5)2­Ph2C4Fe­(CO)3}-μ-CO] (2), [Fe­(CO)2­{η5-2,5-(P3N3F5)2­Ph2C4CO}­C­(Ph)C­(P3N3F5)]­(3), [Fe­(CO)3­{η22-2,4-(P3N3F5)2­Ph2C4CO] (4), and [Fe­(CO)3­{η22-2,5-(P3N3F5)2­Ph2C4CO] (5). While compounds 1, 2, 4, and 5 have five-membered ferracyclopentadiene or cyclopentadienone rings coordinated to the Fe­(CO)3 unit in the η22 mode, compound 3 has a 2,5-cyclopentadienone ring attached to an Fe­(CO)2­(P3N3F5)­CC­(Ph) unit, where Fe is η5-bonded to the cyclopentadienone ring, and the carbon that is α to the phenyl unit of the Fe­(CO)2­(P3N3F5)­CC­(Ph) group is σ-bonded to the oxygen atom of the cyclopentadienone ring. Formation of five-membered cyclic compounds having two fluorophosphazene units on the vicinal carbon atoms of C4R2R′2Y rings was not observed in this reaction. No examples of Fe­(CO)3-bound cyclobutadiene complexes were also isolated from this reaction. A similar reaction in the presence of trimethylamine N-oxide, NMe3O, was found to proceed at −20 °C with the formation of compounds 4 and 5 only. In contrast to the Fe2(CO)9 reaction, a reaction of alkyne-derived pentafluorocyclotriphosphazenes, [(RCC)­(F)­PN]­(PNF2)2 [R = Ph, Fe­(C5H5)2] with the molybdenum complex Cp­(CO)3Mo–Mo­(CO)3Cp (Cp = cyclopentadienyl) in refluxing toluene resulted in the simple tetrahedral clusters Cp­(CO)2­Mo­(P3N3F5)­C–C­(Ph)­Mo­(CO)2Cp (6) and Cp­(CO)2­Mo­(P3N3F5)­C–C­(Fc)­Mo­(CO)2Cp (7) (Fc = ferrocenyl). A similar reaction of Cp­(CO)3Mo–Mo­(CO)3Cp with butadiyne-derived fluorophosphazenes, [(RCC–CC)­(F)­PN]­(PNF2)2 [R = Ph, Fe­(C5H5)2], yielded the tetrahedral clusters Cp­(CO)2­Mo­(P3N3F5)­C–C­(CCPh)­Mo­(CO)2Cp (8) and Cp­(CO)2Mo­(P3N3F5)­C–C­(CCFc)­Mo­(CO)2Cp (9) with the tetrahedral Mo2C2 unit forming exclusively with the alkyne unit of the butadiyne group bound to the cyclophosphazene ring. The crystal structures and infrared spectral data of these molybdenum clusters showed the presence of a semibridging carbonyl on one of the molybdenum units. All new compounds were characterized by IR, NMR [1H, 13C­{1H}, 31P­{1H}, and 19F­{1H}] and high-resolution mass spectrometry studies. Compounds 2, 3, 5, and 7–9 were also structurally characterized using single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies.