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Quantitative Profiling for Substrates of the Mitochondrial Presequence Processing Protease Reveals a Set of Nonsubstrate Proteins Increased upon Proteotoxic Stress

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posted on 06.11.2015, 00:00 by Julia M. Burkhart, Asli A. Taskin, René P. Zahedi, F.-Nora Vögtle
The majority of mitochondrial preproteins are targeted via N-terminal presequences that are cleaved upon import into the organelle. The essential mitochondrial processing protease (MPP) is assumed to cleave the majority of incoming precursors; however, only a small fraction of mitochondrial precursors have been experimentally analyzed limiting the information on MPP recognition and substrate specificity. Here we present the first systematic approach for identification of authentic MPP substrate proteins using a temperature-sensitive mutant of the MPP subunit Mas1. Inactivation of MPP at nonpermissive temperature leads to accumulation of immature precursors in mitochondria, which were measured by quantitative N-terminal ChaFRADIC. This led to the identification of 66 novel MPP substrates. Deduction of the cleaved presequences determines arginine in position −2 of the cleavage site as a main factor for MPP recognition. Interestingly, a set of nonprocessed proteins was also increased in mas1 mutant mitochondria. Additionally, mas1 mitochondria respond to temperature elevation with an increase in membrane potential and oxygen consumption. These changes might indicate that mas1 cells exert a response to balance the proteotoxic stress induced by MPP dysfunction.