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Proximity Interactome Map of the Vac14–Fig4 Complex Using BioID

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posted on 23.09.2021, 19:45 authored by Shirley Qiu, Mathieu Lavallée-Adam, Marceline Côté
Conversion between phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate and phosphatidylinositol-3,5-bisphosphate on endosomal membranes is critical for the maturation of early endosomes to late endosomes/lysosomes and is regulated by the PIKfyve–Vac14–Fig4 complex. Despite the importance of this complex for endosomal homeostasis and vesicular trafficking, there is little known about how its activity is regulated or how it interacts with other cellular proteins. Here, we screened for the cellular interactome of Vac14 and Fig4 using proximity-dependent biotin labeling (BioID). After independently screening the interactomes of Vac14 and Fig4, we identified 89 high-confidence protein hits shared by both proteins. Network analysis of these hits revealed pathways with known involvement of the PIKfyve–Vac14–Fig4 complex, including vesicular organization and PI3K/Akt signaling, as well as novel pathways including cell cycle and mitochondrial regulation. We also identified subunits of coatomer complex I (COPI), a Golgi-associated complex with an emerging role in endosomal dynamics. Using proximity ligation assays, we validated the interaction between Vac14 and COPI subunit COPB1 and between Vac14 and Arf1, a GTPase required for COPI assembly. In summary, this study used BioID to comprehensively map the Vac14–Fig4 interactome, revealing potential roles for these proteins in diverse cellular processes and pathways, including preliminary evidence of an interaction between Vac14 and COPI. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with the identifier PXD027917.