Proteomics Analysis of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1‑Infected Cells Reveals Dynamic Changes of Viral Protein Expression, Ubiquitylation, and Phosphorylation
datasetposted on 05.04.2013, 00:00 by Christina Bell, Michel Desjardins, Pierre Thibault, Kerstin Radtke
Herpesviruses are among the most complex and widespread human viruses and cause a number of diseases ranging from cold sores to genital infections and encephalitis. While the composition of viral particles has been studied, less is known about the expression of the whole viral proteome in infected cells. Here, we analyzed the proteome of the prototypical Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 (HSV1) in infected cells by mass spectrometry. Using a high sensitivity LTQ-Orbitrap, we achieved a very high level of protein coverage and identified a total of 67 structural and nonstructural viral proteins. We also identified 90 novel phosphorylation sites and 10 novel ubiquitylation sites on different viral proteins. Ubiquitylation was observed on nine HSV1 proteins. We identified phosphorylation sites on about half of the detected viral proteins; many of the highly phosphorylated ones are known to regulate gene expression. Treatment with inhibitors of DNA replication induced changes of both viral protein abundance and modifications, highlighting the interdependence of viral proteins during the life cycle. Given the importance of expression dynamics, ubiquitylation, and phosphorylation for protein function, these findings will serve as important tools for future studies on herpesvirus biology.
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expression dynamicsHSV 1 proteins10 novel ubiquitylation sitesViral Protein Expression90 novel phosphorylation sitesmass spectrometrygene expressionfuture studiesprotein abundancephosphorylated oneslife cycleprotein functionProteomics Analysisprotein coverageherpesvirus biologyDNA replicationVirus type 1phosphorylation sitesDynamic Changes