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Proteomic and Functional Analyses Reveal a Dual Molecular Mechanism Underlying Arsenic-Induced Apoptosis in Human Multiple Myeloma Cells

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posted on 05.06.2009, 00:00 by Feng Ge, Xin-Peng Lu, Hui-Lan Zeng, Quan-Yuan He, Sheng Xiong, Lin Jin, Qing-Yu He
Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable plasma cell malignancy with a terminal phase marked by increased proliferation and resistance to therapy. Arsenic trioxide (ATO), an antitumor agent with a multifaceted mechanism of action, displayed clinical activity in patients with late-stage multiple myeloma. However, the precise mechanism(s) of action of ATO has not been completely elucidated. In the present study, we used proteomics to analyze the ATO-induced protein alterations in MM cell line U266 and then investigated the molecular pathways responsible for the anticancer actions of ATO. Several clusters of proteins altered in expression in U266 cells upon ATO treatment were identified, including down-regulated signal transduction proteins and ubiquitin/proteasome members, and up-regulated immunity and defense proteins. Significantly regulated 14-3-3ζ and heat shock proteins (HSPs) were selected for further functional studies. Overexpression of 14-3-3ζ in MM cells attenuated ATO-induced cell death, whereas RNAi-based 14-3-3ζ knock-down or the inhibition of HSP90 enhanced tumor cell sensitivity to the ATO induction. These observations implicate 14-3-3ζ and HSP90 as potential molecular targets for drug intervention of multiple myeloma and thus improve our understanding on the mechanisms of antitumor activity of ATO.