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Proteomic Analysis of Human Pluripotent Stem Cell Cardiomyogenesis Revealed Altered Expression of Metabolic Enzymes and PDLIM5 Isoforms

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posted on 31.01.2017, 00:00 by Sarah A. Konze, Sebastian Werneburg, Astrid Oberbeck, Ruth Olmer, Henning Kempf, Monica Jara-Avaca, Andreas Pich, Robert Zweigerdt, Falk F. R. Buettner
Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs), both embryonic (hESCs) and induced (hiPSCs), can be differentiated into derivatives of the three germ layers and are promising tools in regenerative medicine. Cardiovascular diseases are the top-ranking cause of premature death worldwide, and cell replacement therapies based on in vitro differentiated cardiomyocytes might provide a promising perspective to cure patients in the future. The molecular processes during hPSC cardiomyogenesis are far from being fully understood, and we thus have focused here on characterizing the proteome along hESC in vitro differentiation into cardiomyocytes (CMs). Stable isotope labeling of amino acids in cell culture was applied to quantitatively assess the proteome throughout defined stages of hESC cardiomyogenesis. Genetically enriched, >90% pure CM populations were used for shotgun proteomics, leading to the identification and quantitative determination of several thousand proteins. Pathway analysis revealed alterations in energy metabolism during cardiomyogenesis. Enzymes of glycolysis were identified as up-regulated upon differentiation, whereas enzymes involved in oxidative phosphorylation were down-regulated in aggregates on day 20 of differentiation (<10% CMs) and reconstituted on day 35 in >90% pure CMs. A structural protein that attracted our attention was the PDZ and LIM domain containing protein 5 (PDLIM5), which was strongly up-regulated during cardiomyogenesis and for which we detected novel stage-specific isoforms. Notably, expression of the 53 kDa isoforms b and g (corresponding to transcript variants 2 and 7) of PDLIM5 occurred simultaneously to the onset of expression of the early cardiac transcription factor NKX2.5, known to play a key role in cardiac development.

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