American Chemical Society
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Proteomic Analysis of Chr 18 Proteins Using 2D Fractionation

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posted on 2020-11-17, 22:07 authored by Nikita E. Vavilov, Victor G. Zgoda, Olga V. Tikhonova, Tatiana E. Farafonova, Natalya A. Shushkova, Svetlana E. Novikova, Konstantin N. Yarygin, Sergey P. Radko, Ekaterina V. Ilgisonis, Elena A. Ponomarenko, Andrey V. Lisitsa, Alexander I. Archakov
One of the main goals of the Chromosome-Centric Human Proteome Project (C-HPP) is detection of “missing proteins” (PE2-PE4). Using the UPS2 (Universal proteomics standard 2) set as a model to simulate the range of protein concentrations in the cell, we have previously shown that 2D fractionation enables the detection of more than 95% of UPS2 proteins in a complex biological mixture. In this study, we propose a novel experimental workflow for protein detection during the analysis of biological samples. This approach is extremely important in the context of the C-HPP and the neXt-MP50 Challenge, which can be solved by increasing the sensitivity and the coverage of the proteome encoded by a particular human chromosome. In this study, we used 2D fractionation for in-depth analysis of the proteins encoded by human chromosome 18 (Chr 18) in the HepG2 cell line. Use of 2D fractionation increased the sensitivity of the SRM SIS method by 1.3-fold (68 and 88 proteins were identified by 1D fractionation and 2D fractionation, respectively) and the shotgun MS/MS method by 2.5-fold (21 and 53 proteins encoded by Chr 18 were detected by 1D fractionation and 2D fractionation, respectively). The results of all experiments indicate that 111 proteins encoded by human Chr 18 have been identified; this list includes 42% of the Chr 18 protein-coding genes and 67% of the Chr 18 transcriptome species (Illumina RNaseq) in the HepG2 cell line obtained using a single sample. Corresponding mRNAs were not registered for 13 of the detected proteins. The combination of 2D fractionation technology with SRM SIS and shotgun mass spectrometric analysis did not achieve full coverage, i.e., identification of at least one protein product for each of the 265 protein-coding genes of the selected chromosome. To further increase the sensitivity of the method, we plan to use 5–10 crude synthetic peptides for each protein to identify the proteins and select one of the peptides based on the obtained mass spectra for the synthesis of an isotopically labeled standard for subsequent quantitative analysis. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with the identifier PXD019263.