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Proteomic Analysis Reveals Proteins and Pathways Associated with Lactation in Bovine Mammary Epithelial Cell-Derived Exosomes

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posted on 15.06.2020, 18:35 by Minghui Zhang, Zonghua Ma, Rui Li, Siqi Guo, Youwen Qiu, Xuejun Gao
Milk-derived exosomes have been reported, which are involved in many biological processes. The exosomes derived from mammary glands are not known yet, and their relationship with mammary gland lactation and the origin of milk-derived exosomes are largely unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the proteome of exosomes derived from bovine mammary epithelial cells (BMECs) and compare them with milk-derived exosomes in the database. BMEC-derived exosomes were successfully separated from the culture supernatant of BMECs by a combined ultracentrifugation approach, and the purity of exosomes was identified by western blot analysis. Liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry identified 638 proteins in BMEC-derived exosomes. The MS data were deposited into the PUBLIC repository ProteomeXchange, dataset identifier(s):;?url=1590961453176tKpa. Gene Ontology annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis showed that these proteins were associated with specific biological processes and molecular functions of metabolism. Cross comparison of these proteins with the protein database of milk exosomes showed that 77 common expressed proteins (CEPs) were in both BMEC- and milk-derived exosomes. The KEGG pathway analysis for these CEPs showed that they were mainly involved in signaling pathways associated with milk biosynthesis in BMECs. Among these CEPs, six proteins have been previously reported to be associated with the lactation function. The western blot analysis detected that expression of these six proteins in BMEC-derived exosomes was increased after the stimulation of methionine and β-estradiol on BMECs. In summary, the proteome of BMEC-derived exosomes reveals that they are associated with milk biosynthesis in BMECs and might be a source of milk-derived exosomes.