Properties of Prussian Blue Materials Manifested in Molecular Complexes: Observation of Cyanide Linkage Isomerism and Spin-Crossover Behavior in Pentanuclear Cyanide Clusters
datasetposted on 16.05.2007, 00:00 by Mikhail Shatruk, Alina Dragulescu-Andrasi, Kristen E. Chambers, Sebastian A. Stoian, Emile L. Bominaar, Catalina Achim, Kim R. Dunbar
Pentanuclear, cyanide-bridged clusters [M(tmphen)2]3[M‘(CN)6]2 (M/M‘ = Zn/Cr (1), Zn/Fe (2), Fe/Fe (3), Fe/Co (4), and Fe/Cr (5); tmphen = 3,4,7,8-tetramethyl-1,10-phenanthroline) were prepared by combining [M‘III(CN)6]3- anions with mononuclear complexes of MII ions with two capping tmphen ligands. The clusters consist of a trigonal bipyramidal (TBP) core with three MII ions in the equatorial positions and two M‘III ions in the axial positions. Compounds 1−4 are isostructural and crystallize in the monoclinic space group P21/c. Complex 5 crystallizes in the enantiomorphic space group P3221. The magnetic properties of compounds 1 and 2 reflect the contributions of the individual [CrIII(CN)6]3- and [FeIII(CN)6]3- ions. The FeII ions in compounds 3 and 4 exhibit a gradual, temperature-induced spin transition between high spin (HS) and low spin (LS), as determined by the combination of Mössbauer spectroscopy, magnetic measurements, and single-crystal X-ray studies. The investigation of compound 5 by these methods and by IR spectroscopy indicates that cyanide linkage isomerism occurs during cluster formation. The magnetic behavior of 5 is determined by weak ferromagnetic coupling between the axial CrIII centers mediated by the equatorial diamagnetic FeII ions. Mössbauer spectra collected in the presence of a high applied field have allowed, for the first time, the direct experimental observation of uncompensated spin density at diamagnetic metal ions that bridge paramagnetic metal ions.