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Properties of Prussian Blue Materials Manifested in Molecular Complexes:  Observation of Cyanide Linkage Isomerism and Spin-Crossover Behavior in Pentanuclear Cyanide Clusters

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posted on 16.05.2007, 00:00 by Mikhail Shatruk, Alina Dragulescu-Andrasi, Kristen E. Chambers, Sebastian A. Stoian, Emile L. Bominaar, Catalina Achim, Kim R. Dunbar
Pentanuclear, cyanide-bridged clusters [M(tmphen)2]3[M‘(CN)6]2 (M/M‘ = Zn/Cr (1), Zn/Fe (2), Fe/Fe (3), Fe/Co (4), and Fe/Cr (5); tmphen = 3,4,7,8-tetramethyl-1,10-phenanthroline) were prepared by combining [M‘III(CN)6]3- anions with mononuclear complexes of MII ions with two capping tmphen ligands. The clusters consist of a trigonal bipyramidal (TBP) core with three MII ions in the equatorial positions and two M‘III ions in the axial positions. Compounds 14 are isostructural and crystallize in the monoclinic space group P21/c. Complex 5 crystallizes in the enantiomorphic space group P3221. The magnetic properties of compounds 1 and 2 reflect the contributions of the individual [CrIII(CN)6]3- and [FeIII(CN)6]3- ions. The FeII ions in compounds 3 and 4 exhibit a gradual, temperature-induced spin transition between high spin (HS) and low spin (LS), as determined by the combination of Mössbauer spectroscopy, magnetic measurements, and single-crystal X-ray studies. The investigation of compound 5 by these methods and by IR spectroscopy indicates that cyanide linkage isomerism occurs during cluster formation. The magnetic behavior of 5 is determined by weak ferromagnetic coupling between the axial CrIII centers mediated by the equatorial diamagnetic FeII ions. Mössbauer spectra collected in the presence of a high applied field have allowed, for the first time, the direct experimental observation of uncompensated spin density at diamagnetic metal ions that bridge paramagnetic metal ions.