Preparation, Structural Characterization, and Photochemical Reactions of Silyl- and Germylborates
datasetposted on 2006-02-13, 00:00 authored by Masato Nanjo, Kazuhiko Matsudo, Mari Kurihara, Sayaka Nakamura, Yoshio Sakaguchi, Hisaharu Hayashi, Kunio Mochida
Silylborates (Li[PhnMe3-nSiBPh3], n = 1−3) and germylborates (Li[PhnMe3-nGeBPh3], n = 1−3; M[Et3GeBPh3], M = Li, Na, K) were prepared by the reaction of the corresponding silyl- and germylalkali metals with triphenylborane in a hexane/benzene mixed solvent. The silyl- and germylborates were fully identified by 1H, 13C, 11B, and 7Li NMR spectroscopic methods. The solid-state structure of germylborates Li[Ph3GeBPh3] and M[Et3GeBPh3] (M = Li and Na) were determined by X-ray diffraction analyses. The polymeric structure of M[Et3GeBPh3] was observed in the solid state and in hydrocarbon solution. The alkali metal atoms were located near the center of the benzene ring of triphenylborane and interacted with the neighboring borate molecules by Li+−π interaction. The polymeric structure was broken by the addition of MeOH. However, M[Et3GeBPh3] was coordinated by three MeOH molecules to form a dimeric structure without methanolysis reaction. The primary processes in photochemical reactions of silyl- and germylborates were investigated by chemical trapping experiments and the CIDEP (chemical-induced dynamic electron polarization) method. The cleavage of the Ge−B (or Si−B) bonds of germylborates (or silylborates) was considered most probably to occur from their triplet states.
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Structural Characterizationdimeric structuresilylhydrocarbon solution7 Li NMR spectroscopic methodsalkali metal atomsborate moleculesgermylalkali metalsmethanolysis reactionPhotochemical Reactions1 H11 BGeBPhGermylborates Silylboratesbenzene ringelectron polarizationgermylborate13 CCIDEPtriplet statesMeOH molecules