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Povarov Reactions Involving 3-Aminocoumarins: Synthesis of 1,2,3,4-Tetrahydropyrido[2,3-c]coumarins and Pyrido[2,3-c]coumarins

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posted on 2008-11-07, 00:00 authored by Amit A. Kudale, Jamie Kendall, David O. Miller, Julie L. Collins, Graham J. Bodwell
Condensation of 3-aminocoumarin (5) with 4-nitrobenzaldehyde (8) afforded a 2-azadiene (9), which reacted with various electron-rich alkenes (10 examples) in the presence of Yb(OTf)3 to afford 1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-c]coumarins. Yields were generally good, but the diastereomeric ratios were highly variable. The products arose through a formal [4 + 2] cycloaddition (inverse electron demand Diels−Alder reaction) followed by tautomerization. As such, these are examples of the Povarov reaction. A range of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrido[2,3-c]coumarins was then synthesized using a three-component version of this reaction, which involves in situ formation of the 2-azadiene component. Some of these products were converted into the corresponding pyrido[2,3-c]coumarins upon treatment with various oxidants, the most effective of which proved to be nitrous gases.