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Porphyrin-Based Two-Dimensional Layered Metal–Organic Framework with Sono-/Photocatalytic Activity for Water Decontamination

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posted on 27.12.2021, 17:45 authored by Zhong-Hong Zhu, Yubo Liu, Chi Song, Yating Hu, Guangxue Feng, Ben Zhong Tang
Water treatment is crucial to improve the water quality and reduce diarrheal and chronological diseases caused by excessive discharge of organic dyes and other waste. The development and expansion of efficient catalysts for the degradation and sterilization of organic dyes has attracted widespread attention. Herein, we report an example of a porphyrin-based two-dimensional layered metal–organic framework (MOF) (2DZnTcpp) and its efficient sono-/photocatalytic degradation of organic dyes and bactericidal activity. The dislocated layers effectively avoid close π–π stacking and provide a porous space for oxygen/water/dye contact. The introduction of Zn ions increases the spin orbital coupling through the heavy atom effect and promotes the intersystem crossing process for singlet oxygen generation. The effective ligand-to-metal charge transfer and the excessive open Zn catalytic sites also facilitate water splitting for hydroxyl radical generation. These features together promote the reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation of 2DZnTcpp under light illumination or ultrasound sonication. It is worth noting that the 2DZnTcpp with a high specific surface area and porosity shows efficient sono-/photocatalytic degradation of organic dye waste. Moreover, 2DZnTcpp could also largely inactivate Escherichia coli under light irradiation (the light power of 1 sun) or ultrasound sonication for 30 min with efficiencies over 99.99999%. This work provides an approach for the design and synthesis of MOF-based sono-/photocatalysts used in the purification and treatment of textile wastewater and is committed to the establishment of a more efficient, fast, and environmentally friendly catalytic system.