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Polymorphs and Colors of Polydiacetylenes: A First Principles Study

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posted on 27.05.2009, 00:00 by Jean-Sébastien Filhol, Jérôme Deschamps, Sylvain G. Dutremez, Bruno Boury, Thierry Barisien, Laurent Legrand, Michel Schott
Polydiacetylenes (PDAs) are exceptional polymeric materials with π-conjugated backbones. Several of them can undergo chromogenic transitions under a wide range of external stimuli. Herein we investigate the electronic structure and the resulting properties of model and experimental PDAs, by means of first principles condensed matter calculations. It is shown that torsional isomers with a twist of the lateral groups can be formed at small energetic costs. We also show the relationship that exists between these twists and the observed changes in the electronic and physical properties. In particular, the calculated changes in the absorption, Raman and NMR spectra agree with the color and property changes as observed experimentally. Therefore, these isomers are excellent models for the structures involved in the chromogenic transitions.